This is the specialty dedicated to the female reproductive system. The gynaecologist is the privileged interlocutor of women. He accompanies them through all the stages of their lives: puberty, menstruation, procreation, fertile life, pregnancy, post-partum, and menopause

He has an important role in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of pathologies of the female reproductive system and hormonal disorders. The first consultation with the gynaecologist is usually at the beginning of the sexual activity, followed by an annual follow-up and a smear test every two years from 25 years old.

When should you consult a gynaecologist?

  • Prescription of contraception.

  • Painful, irregular, or bleeding periods

  • Pelvic or breast pain

  • Genital infection

  • Infertility

  • Menopause

  • Hormonal disorders

Course of the visit

INFORMATION: the gynaecologist interviews the patient to find out the reason for the consultation, allergies, personal, medical, and family history, professional and daily activities, and lifestyle.

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION: gynaecological examination, breast palpation, and endovaginal ultrasound to observe the internal genitalia. Depending on the patient’s age and clinical situation, cervical cancer screening (cervicovaginal smear, possibly combined with HPV testing) may be proposed.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT: The gynaecologist shares his diagnosis with the patient. He can prescribe a treatment or a contraceptive method, additional examinations (X-rays, analyses), he can also refer the patient to a specialist or therapist. A follow-up appointment may be scheduled.

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